What is Building Information Modeling?

Building information modelling is an approach supported by several tools, technology and contracts between the creation and management of digitally-representations of different physical and virtual characteristics of various places. This approach has been adopted by architects, managers and civil engineers to gain knowledge and expertise on the construction industry.

Building Information modelling is an innovative technique to make sense of building data in terms of its structure and functionality. It is a way of collecting, analyzing and presenting information that includes: architecture and building structure, engineering design and construction practices, site conditions and constraints, land use planning and design, site protection and planning and environmental considerations. It is intended to provide information about the current or future condition of buildings that have been built, and to predict their long-term performance. Information modelling can also be used to design and build new structures, or it can be used to evaluate current construction practices.

BIM (Building Information modelling) can be broadly divided into two general categories. In the first category, information is represented in the form of data, while in the second category, information is represented in the form of visual representations.

Building Information modelling is one of the many tools used for the purpose of providing quantitative information about construction sites and building structures. Information modelling provides data and visual representations, and these can be used to conduct scientific research, as well as for construction planning and design. The most important types of data used are structural and statistical data, engineering design data and site conditions and constraints.

Building Information modelling (BIM) can be done using different software. Some of the software includes:

  • CAD (Computer Aided Design)
  • ERP (electronic resource planning)
  • EDS (environmental design tool)
  • PEDL (physical description language)
  • SPM (site plan management).

One of the important tools used for information modelling is ERP software. ERP software can help managers in controlling, analyzing and predicting the performance of building projects. ERP software helps managers to gather and arrange the data gathered during a project.

Information modelling is one of the best methods to obtain and analyze information about the structure and functions of building structures. It can help managers determine the structure of the project, as well as the relationship of buildings with one another. It can also help managers to evaluate the performance of the project and to determine whether the proposed structure is effective or not. In addition, it can also be used to design new building structure.

Information modelling can be used to create a model of building structures from the ground up. Using the model, a building can be built in a more economical and sustainable way. There are some advantages of information modelling. It helps in the planning and designing of the building construction of buildings, improves cost-effectiveness of construction and makes it possible to implement the required changes quickly and effectively. It also helps in achieving compliance with certain building regulations.

Another advantage of Building Information modelling  is that it can give valuable inputs for the development of new technologies and methods to make the construction project economical, efficient and safe. This can be done by making use of available knowledge on materials and the building processes, on the building site, and even on the surrounding areas. It also helps in determining the right type of materials to be used for a particular construction.

However, building information modelling has some disadvantages as well. One of these is that there are certain limitations in the extent of information obtained by using this software. There is also a risk involved in the use of data modelling, which requires the use of certain computer programs or tools for managing data and visual representations produced by the software.

Data modelling is usually combined with other tools. Some of the common tools include: geometrical models, building plans, drawings, and engineering drawings, and land surveys. Some of these can be used together with the modelling software, while others are used alone.

Information modelling can be used in all fields of science and engineering, including environmental, construction, civil, and environmental, and civil engineering. The field of information science involves the study of information systems and their behavior, the ability to describe and analyze the data they contain, and the ability to represent them in the form of computer programs.

What can Building Information Modeling be used for?

  • Civil and structural engineering
  • Architecture and building design
  • Energy and utilities
  • Highway and road engineering
  • Landscape and land surveying
  • Offshore and marine architecture
  • Rail and metro transportation engineering
  • Tunneling and subway architecture
  • Urban master-planning and smart city design

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BIM Systems

Building Information Modeling